Full Answer Improved health care has reduced mortality rates by diagnosing health problems in a timely manner. Use of vaccines has helped to prevent illnesses that used to kill many people in the past. As a result, this has helped save the lives of many people. Introduction of better farming techniques has boosted the production of food.
Abortion is vital to the solution: Then follows the Executive Summary of the report of the study conducted in response to the directive. The copiously detailed main body of the report consists of two parts, and can be found in Appendix 2.
The complete report was presented to President Ford the following December. Following the Executive Summary, in this chapter several important points from the report are listed which do not appear in the Summary. These points are discussed elsewhere in the book.
Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for U. Security and Overseas Interests The President has directed a study of the impact of world popula- tion growth on U.
The study should look forward at least until the yearand use several alternative reasonable projections of population growth. In terms of each projection, the study should assess: The study should focus on the international political and economic implications of population growth rather than its ecological, socio- logical or other aspects.
The study would then offer possible courses of action for the United States in dealing with population matters abroad, particularly in developing countries, with special attention to these questions: The study should take into account the President's concern that population policy is a human concern intimately related to the dignity of the individual and the objective of the United States is to work closely with others, rather than seek to impose our views on others.
The Chairman, Under Secre- taries Committee, is requested to forward the study together with the Committee's action recommendations no later than May 29, for consideration by the President.
This document can only be declassified by the White House. Population and a Development Assis- tance Strategy A. General Strategy and Resource for A. World Population growth since World War II is quantitatively and qualitatively different from any previous epoch in human history.
The rapid reduction in death rates, unmatched by corresponding birth rate reductions, has brought total growth rates close to 2 percent a year, compared with about 1 percent before World War II, under 0.
The effect is to double the world's population in 35 years instead of years. Almost 80 million are now being added each year, compared with 10 million in The second new feature of population trends is the sharp differentiation between rich and poor countries.
Sincepopulation in the former group has been growing at 0 to 1. Some of the highest rates of increase are in areas already densely populated and with a weak resource base.
Because of the momentum of population dynamics, reductions in birth rates affect total numbers only slowly. High birth rates in the recent past have resulted in a high proportion in the youngest age groups, so that there will continue to be substantial population increases over many years even if a two-child family should become the norm in the future.
Policies to reduce fertility will have their main effects on total numbers only after several decades. However, if future numbers are to be kept within reasonable bounds, it is urgent that measures to reduce fertility be started and made effective in the 's and 's. Moreover, programs started now to reduce birth rates will have short run advantages for developing countries in lowered demands on food, health and educational and other services and in enlarged capacity to contribute to productive investments, thus accelerating development.
Most demographers, including the U. Population Council, regard the range of 10 to 13 billion as the most likely level for world population stability, even with intensive efforts at fertility control.
These figures assume, that sufficient food could be produced and distributed to avoid limitation through famines. Growing populations will have a serious impact on the need for food especially in the poorest, fastest growing LDCs.
While under normal weather conditions and assuming food production growth in line with recent trends, total world agricultural production could expand faster than population, there will nevertheless be serious problems in food distribution and financing, making shortages, even at today's poor nutrition levels, probable in many of the larger more populous LDC regions.
Even today 10 to 20 million people die each year due, directly or indirectly, to malnutrition. Even more serious is the consequence of major crop failures which are likely to occur from time to time.
The most serious consequence for the short and middle term is the possibility of massive famines in certain parts of the world, especially the poorest regions. Therefore, additions to food production must come mainly from higher yields.
Countries with large population growth cannot afford constantly growing imports, but for them to raise food output steadily by 2 to 4 percent over the next generation or two is a formidable challenge.
Capital and foreign exchange requirements for intensive agriculture are heavy, and are aggravated by energy cost increases and fertilizer scarcities and price rises.A very interesting post, and one worth discussion. It is apt you have also introduced urbanization into the debate.
I'm sure as the head of the East African division of the World Bank, you would have seen the impacts on high rates of urbanization and stocks of existing infrastructure. According to United Nations population statistics, the world population grew by 30%, or billion humans, between and In number of people the increase was highest in India ( million) and China ( million).
Population growth was among highest in the United Arab Emirates (%) and Qatar (%). Footnotes. 12 The continuation of high fertility despite high education levels among Palestinians has been described as a demographic puzzle.
The reasons for it are not entirely clear. years ago there were less than one billion humans living on earth. Today, according to UN calculations there are over 7 billion of us. 1 Recent estimates suggest that today's population size is roughly equivalent to % of the total number of people ever born.
2 This is the most conspicuous fact about world population growth: for thousands of years, the population grew only slowly but in. This entry focuses on the number of births per woman in a population.
The most commonly used metric is the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) – or often simply 'fertility rate' – which measures the average number of children per woman. 1 The global average fertility rate is just below children per woman today. Population by region.
Six of the Earth's seven continents are permanently inhabited on a large scale. Asia is the most populous continent, with its billion inhabitants accounting for 60% of the world population. The world's two most populated countries, China and India, together constitute about 36% of the world's population.
Africa is the second most populated continent, with around