The trainer, a subject-matter expert, trains other employees — in the use of a new sales program, for example — and simultaneously teaches them how to train others in the use of the program. The method offers distinct advantages over other training models because trainees typically learn faster and retain the information better than in other teaching models.
Job analysis Job analysis encompasses a number of different methods. By contrast, a worker-oriented job analysis involves an examination of the knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics KSAOs required to successfully perform the work.
Information obtained from job analyses are used for many purposes, including the creation of job-relevant selection procedures, performance appraisals and the criteria they require, and the development of training programs.
Personnel recruitment and selection[ edit ] Main article: Personnel recruitment processes include developing job announcements, placing ads, defining key qualifications for applicants, and screening out unqualified applicants. Personnel selection is the systematic process of hiring and promoting personnel.
Personnel selection systems employ evidence-based practices to determine the most qualified candidates. Personnel selection involves both the newly hired and individuals who can be promoted from within the organization. Common selection tools include ability tests e.
Personnel selection procedures are usually validated, i.
A meta-analysis of selection methods found that general mental ability was the best overall predictor of job performance and attainment in training.
Performance management is the process of providing performance feedback relative to expectations, and information relevant to improvement e.
Performance management may also include documenting and tracking performance information for organizational evaluation purposes. Individual assessment and Psychometrics Individual assessment involves the measurement of individual differences. With candidates for employment, individual assessment is often part of the personnel selection process.
These assessments can include written tests, aptitude tests, physical tests, psycho-motor tests, personality testsintegrity and reliability tests, work samples, simulationsand assessment centres.
Early in the 20th century Arthur Kornhauser examined the impact on productivity of hiring mentally unstable workers. Training and training evaluation[ edit ] Main article: Training Training involves the systematic teaching of skills, concepts, or attitudes that results in improved performance in another environment.
Evidence indicates that training is often effective, and that it succeeds in terms of higher net sales and gross profitability per employee.
Training programs often include formative evaluations to assess the effect of the training as the training proceeds. Learning outcomes can be organized into three broad categories: Skill-based training aims to impart procedural knowledge e.
Affective training concerns teaching individuals to develop specific attitudes or beliefs that predispose trainees to behave a certain way e. The analysis identifies the training needs of different departments or subunits.The ADDIE model is the generic process traditionally used by instructional designers and training developers.
The five phases—Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation—represent a dynamic, flexible guideline for building effective training and performance support tools. At the same time, through its work on the SAFECOM Program, the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility (OIC) within the Department of Homeland Security has worked directly with emergency responders from across the Nation to identify best practices in communications interoperability.
Communication Models and Theories Simplest model of communication reflects the work of Shannon and Weaver.
Model consists of a sender, a message, a channel where the message travels, noise or interference and a receiver.
2 Communication Models and . Design for Scale Achieving scale is a goal that has been elusive for many digital development practitioners.
The mHealth field, for example, has identified the problem of pilotitis, or the inability to move initiatives beyond pilot stage. to building internal agreement about what the strategy means, these principles can be used as a guiding light for the creation of an operating model to ensure all elements hang together in a .
Job analysis (also known as work analysis) is a family of procedures to identify the content of a job in terms of activities involved and attributes or job requirements needed to perform the activities.