Cinque the leader of the rebellion on the Amistad was a Mende] The Olmecs carved about twenty-two colossal stone heads in the southern parts of Mexico and their influence have been found in Guatemala and further south. Olmec type sculptures have also been found in parts of the U.
Italian Renaissance painting, especially in its secular forms, is alive with visually coded expressions of humanistic philosophy. Symbol, structure, posture, and even colour were used to convey silent messages about humanity and nature.
Renaissance style was so articulate, and the Renaissance sense… Distinguishing characteristics The philosophy of art is distinguished from art criticismwhich is concerned with the analysis and evaluation of particular works of art.
It may be primarily analyticalas when a certain passage of poetry is separated into its elements and its meaning or import explained in relation to other passages and other poems in the tradition.
Or it may be primarily evaluative, as when reasons are given for saying that the work of art in question is good or bad, or better or worse than another one.
Sometimes it is not a single work of art but an entire class of works in a certain style or genre such as pastoral poems or Baroque music that is being elucidated, and sometimes it is the art of an entire period such as Romantic. But in every case, the aim of art criticism is to achieve an increased understanding or enjoyment of the work or classes of works of art, and its statements are designed to achieve this end.
The test of the success of art criticism with a given person is: Art criticism is particularly helpful and often necessary for works of art that are more than usually difficult, so that the average person would be unable adequately to understand or enjoy them if left to himself.
The critic says that a given work of music is expressive, but the philosopher of art asks what is meant by saying that a work of art is expressive and how one determines whether it is. In speaking and writing about art, the critic presupposes that he is dealing with clear concepts, the attainment of which is the task of the philosopher of art.
Upon what does the philosopher of art direct his attention? The theorists who have attempted to answer this question are many, and their answers differ greatly. But there is one feature that virtually all of them have in common: A sunset may be beautiful, but it is not a work of art. A piece of driftwood may have aesthetic qualities, but it is not a work of art since it was not made by a human.
On the other hand, a piece of wood that has been carved to look like driftwood is not an object of nature but of art, even though the appearance of the two may be exactly the same. Nevertheless, according to the simplest and widest definition, art is anything that is human-made.
Within the scope of this definition, not only paintings and sculptures but also buildings, furniture, automobiles, cities, and garbage dumps are all works of art: The ordinary usage of the term is clearly less wide.
In daily life when works of art are spoken of, the intention is to denote a much narrower range of objects—namely, those responded to aesthetically.
Among the things in this narrower range, a distinction, although not a precise one, is made between fine and useful art. Fine art consists of those works designed to produce an aesthetic response or that regardless of design function as objects of aesthetic appreciation such as paintings, sculptures, poems, musical compositions —those human-made things that are enjoyed for their own sake rather than as means to something else.
Useful art has both an aesthetic and a utilitarian dimension: A borderline case is architecture: The test in practice is not how they were intended by their creators, but how they function in present-day experience. Many great works of painting and sculpturefor example, were created to glorify a deity and not, insofar as can be ascertainedfor an aesthetic purpose to be enjoyed simply in the contemplation of them for their own sake.
But as philosophers of art use the term and as it is used hereart is not limited to visual art; music and drama and poetry are as much arts as are painting, sculpture, and architecture. The viewer, then, is not really denying that the work in question is art it is a human-made object presented to be contemplated for its own sake but only that it is worthwhile.
Most of them are highly unsatisfactory even as theories. Is it always concerned with reality how is music concerned with reality, for example? It would seem likely that music is the creation of something, namely, a new set of tonal relationships, but not that it is the re-creation of anything at all.
All that seems to be required for identifying something as a work of art in the wide sense is that it be not a natural object but something made or transformed by a human beingand all that is required for identifying it as art not as good art but as art in the narrower sense is that it function aesthetically in human experience, either wholly fine art or in part useful art ; it is not even necessary, as has been shown, that it be intended by its creator to function in this way.
Page 1 of 7.The art of sculpture has changed over the years and continues to grow everyday as seen through architecture and structural design. Sculpting as an art form goes back to the pre historic times. Sculpting was used in rituals and community gatherings, and has . The newest volume in Black Dog's best-selling, award-winning Child's Introduction series explores the fascinating world of art and artists and includes do-it-yourself art .
The Elgin Marbles (/ ˈ ɛ l ɡ ɪ n /), also known as the Parthenon Marbles (Greek: Γλυπτά του Παρθενώνα), are a collection of Classical Greek marble sculptures made under the supervision of the architect and sculptor Phidias and his assistants. They were originally part of the temple of the Parthenon and other buildings on the Acropolis of Athens.
Egyptian Art and Sculptures Ancient Egyptian art is the painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts produced by the civilization in the lower Nile Valley from BC to AD. Ancient Egyptian Art reached a level in painting and sculpting that was highly stylistic and symbolic.
From grand, ancient Buddha sculptures to our iconic early 17th-century Japanese Crows screens to contemporary work such as Colored Vases by Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, our collection has been imaginatively curated and expanded for 80 years.
Chinese and Japanese art are the largest areas of our collection, while our holdings of artworks . Art, philosophy of, the study of the nature of art, including such concepts as interpretation, representation and expression, and initiativeblog.com is closely related to aesthetics, the philosophical study of beauty and taste.