Both nations were suffering internal turmoil, and seemed likely to "fall," from the perspective of American leaders, to communism. In response to these events, Truman successfully urged Congress to appropriate hundreds of millions of dollars to provide aid that would help prop up anti-communist leaders in both countries, and even authorized the deployment of military advisors to aid anti-communist fighters. The Truman Doctrine was first articulated in response to events in Greece and Turkey.
Since British assistance to Turkey had ended inthe U. S sent the aircraft carrier Franklin D. The postwar period from started with a " multi-party period " and the Democratic Party government of Adnan Menderes.
This began with a mass killing of largely unarmed EAM supporters known as the Dekemvriana on December 3. The breakdown of Allied cooperation in Germany provided a backdrop of escalating tensions for the Truman Doctrine.
Kennan — proposed the doctrine of containment in In FebruaryKennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, sent his famed " Long Telegram ", which predicted the Soviets would only respond to force and that the best way to handle them would be through a long-term strategy of containment, that is stopping their geographical expansion.
State Department formulated a plan. Aid would be given to both Greece and Turkey, to help cool the long-standing rivalry between them. American policy makers recognized the instability of the region, fearing that if Greece was lost to communism, Turkey would not last long. Similarly, if Turkey yielded to Soviet demands, the position of Greece would be endangered.
To pass any legislation Truman needed the support of the Republicanswho controlled both houses of Congress. The chief Republican spokesman Senator Arthur H.
Vandenberg strongly supported Truman and overcame the doubts of isolationists such as Senator Robert A. Acheson laid out the "domino theory" in the starkest terms, comparing a communist state to a rotten apple that could spread its infection to an entire barrel.
Vandenberg was impressed, and advised Truman to appear before Congress and "scare the hell out of the American people. In his eighteen-minute speech, he stated: I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.
I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes. In the words of historian James T. Patterson"The Truman Doctrine was a highly publicized commitment of a sort the administration had not previously undertaken.
It was in these ways a major step. It brought nation-building activities and modernization programs to the forefront of foreign policy. Truman used disease imagery not only to communicate a sense of impending disaster in the spread of communism but also to create a "rhetorical vision" of containing it by extending a protective shield around non-communist countries throughout the world.
Roosevelthad sought to impose to contain German and Japanese expansion in "quarantine" suggested the role of public health officials handling an infectious disease. The medical metaphor extended beyond the immediate aims of the Truman Doctrine in that the imagery combined with fire and flood imagery evocative of disaster provided the United States with an easy transition to direct military confrontation in later years with communist forces in Korea and Vietnam.
By framing ideological differences in life or death terms, Truman was able to garner support for this communism-containing policy.Development into the Cold War covers the period , with the break down of the war time alliance, until about and should coverthe Yalta and Potsdam conferences, problems with Germany, the growth of the Eastern Bloc, Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine.
Explain the impact of the Truman Doctrine in the development of Cold War foreign policy, especially in terms of leadership. Explain the origins of the Truman Doctrine and how it fit into the strategy of containment.
Explain the origins of the Marshall Plan and how it fit into the strategy of containment. Explain why the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin in spring But despite their differences, critics and defenders of the Truman Doctrine tend to agree on two points: that the President's statement marked a turning point of fundamental importance in the history of American foreign policy; and that U.S.
involvement in the Vietnam War grew logically, even inevitably, out of a policy Truman thus initiated. Apr 08, · How did the truman doctrine effect the cold war?
Follow. 5 sanction of aid to Greece and Turkey by a Republican Congress indicated the beginning of a long and enduring bipartisan cold war foreign policy.
The Truman Doctrine has raised profound questions from historians regarding its origins, long-term consequences, and Status: Resolved. Start studying US History - Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War.
The Iron Curtain isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world. The Truman Doctrine.