The intellectual life of the first half of the sixteenth century was dominated by the Dutch humanist, Desiderius Erasmus ? Although born in Rotterdam, he passed most of his long life elsewhere - in Germany, France, England, Italy, and especially Switzerland.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. In that light, humanists tended to ignore or denounce the proceedings of Church councils and pontiffs during the middle Ages. While many Renaissance humanists denounced scholasticism, there was no inherent opposition to it, and many retained support of the late Medieval philosophy.
Renaissance Humanism did not espouse atheism, nor did it advance an amoral philosophy; it tended to advance a neo-Platonism through the writings of such individuals as Pico della Mirandola and Marsilio Ficino.
Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam was the author of A. The Birth of Venus B was a painting by Rafael. It was very supportive of the Protestant Reformation. D Few Northern Humanists exceptions: Melanchthon and Reuchlin approved of the Reformation: Erasmus criticized laxness in the Catholic Church but refused to join Protestant reformers.
Northern or Christian Humanism used studies of ancient languages to make Scriptures available in local languages and to produce good scholarly versions of the writings of the Church Fathers. During the Reformation, Anabaptism drew its membership mostly from the ranks of the C.
Although Lutheranism drew support from a broad social spectrum, Luther himself was forced to rely on sympathetic nobles of the Holy Roman Empire in order to defend Lutheranism against the Holy Roman Emperor.
Calvinism held special appeal for the new middle class, particularly business elements. Anabaptism drew most of its membership from the peasantry in western Germany and the Low Countries. The Colloquy of Marburg in C. A is incorrect because the Catholic strategy was centered on the establishment of new religious orders and the reforms of the Council of Trent.
Luther was declared an outlaw by Charles V at the Diet of Worms in English Puritanism developed during the reign of Elizabeth I C. Obviously, A is incorrect because the Council of Trent advanced Catholic doctrines; Elizabeth I was interested in consolidating, not extending, Protestantism in England B ; the Jesuit Mission D occurred in and was not related to Puritanism; Puritanism E opposed the earlier forms of worship, whether Roman Catholic or Henrician.
The response of the Catholic Church to the Reformation was delayed because A. This movement, based in Roman Catholic tradition, asserted that authority within the Church resided in the assembly of bishops; it challenged Petrine Supremacy and the authority of the Papacy.
By the s, most intelligent Church leaders did not C think that Protestantism would self-destruct or that D the situation was not serious. The monetary situation of the Church E was not relevant to its taking a position against Protestantism. The Council of Trent B was convened in three sessions from to and reaffirmed traditional Catholic doctrines; new religious orders D such as the Jesuits appeared; the Papacy C became more assertive through its issuing of the Index of Prohibited Books in —Norm R.
Allen Jr. is a writer and secular humanist activist. On August 31, , Allen founded African Americans for Humanism, the first organization focused on the promotion of humanism and humanist ideals among people of African descent.
The history of the term humanism is complex but enlightening. It was first employed (as humanismus) by 19th-century German scholars to designate the Renaissance emphasis on classical studies in initiativeblog.com studies were pursued and endorsed by educators known, as early as the late 15th century, as umanisti—that is, professors or students of Classical literature.
Secular humanism, or simply humanism, is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making..
Secular humanism posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or a god. Renaissance Humanism - Many diverse ideas flourished during the European Renaissance which had a lasting impact on the world.
Humanism is a worldview and a moral philosophy that considers humans to be of primary importance.
Renaissance: Humanism essays Humanism gained ground in the Renaissance in part as a revival of classical learning, and such a revival included new study of classical humanism from the Greek and Roman world. Classical humanism placed an emphasis on philosophy and codes of ethics, notably embodied in.
Linear Perspective. During the Renaissance, from roughly the 14th to 16th century, there were many advances in science, math, philosophy, and initiativeblog.com of the most monumental advances in art was the.