Jean Watson refers to the human being as "a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self. Human is viewed as greater than and different from the sum of his or her parts.
The Caritas Path to Peace: Caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure. She believes that a holistic approach to health care is central to the practice of caring in nursing.
According to Watson, caring, which is manifested in nursing, has existed in every society. However, a caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generation. According to her theory, caring can be demonstrated and practiced by nurses.
Caring for patients promotes growth; a caring environment accepts a person as he or she is, and looks to what he or she may become. Caring consists of carative factors.
The first three factors form the "philosophical foundation" for the science of caring, and the remaining seven come from that foundation. Within assisting with the gratification of human needs, Watson orders the needs. Lower-order biophysical needs include food and fluid, elimination, and ventilation.
Lower-order psychophysical needs include activity-inactivity and sexuality. Higher-order psychosocial needs include achievement, affiliation, intrapersonal-interpersonal need, and self-actualization. The human being is defined as " He, human is viewed as greater than and different from, the sum of his or her parts.
The first step is assessment.
This involves observation, identification and review of the problem, and the formulation of a hypothesis. Next, the nurse creates a care plan to determine how variables will be examined, as well as what data should be collected and how. Step three is intervention.
This is the implementation of the developed plan and includes the collection of the data. Finally, the nurse conducts an evaluation. This is the examination of the data and results of the intervention, and the interpretation of the results.
This may lead to an additional hypothesis. It also places the patient in the context of the family, community, and culture. The patient is the focus of practice rather than the technology.There are different nursing theories and health theories to help us explain the phenomena we are experiencing in health.
Since nursing knowledge is the inclusive total of the philosophies, theories, research, and practice wisdom of the discipline, these theories define what nursing is or what sets it apart from different professions.
The Philosophy and Science of Caring has four major concepts: human being, health, environment/society, and nursing. Jean Watson refers to the human being as "a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self.
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Jean Watson (June 10, – present) is an American nurse theorist and nursing professor who is well known for her “Philosophy and Theory of Transpersonal Caring.” She has also written numerous texts, including Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring.
Jean Watson's Contribution to Nursing Theory: Philosophy and Science of Caring Jean Watson's Philosophy and Science of Caring addresses how nurses express care to their patients. Caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure. Theorist - Jean Watson was born in West Virginia, US Educated: BSN, University of Colorado, , MS, University of Colorado, , PhD, University of Colorado, Distinguished Professor of Nursing and Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.