It improved speed, range and accuracy, and could intercept ballistic missiles. It had solid fuel boost and sustainer rocket motors. The boost phase was four of the Nike Ajax boosters strapped together. In the electronics, some vacuum tubes were replaced with more reliable solid-state components.
It improved speed, range and accuracy, and could intercept ballistic missiles. It had solid fuel boost and sustainer rocket motors.
The boost phase was four of the Nike Ajax boosters strapped together. In the electronics, some vacuum tubes were replaced with more reliable solid-state components. The missile also had an optional nuclear warhead to improve the probability of a kill.
The W warhead had four variants offering 2, 10, 20 and 30 kiloton yields. At sites in the United States the missile almost exclusively carried a nuclear warhead. Sites in foreign nations typically had a mix of high explosive and nuclear warheads. The fire control of the Nike system was also improved with the Hercules and included a surface-to-surface mode which was successfully tested in Alaska.
The mode change was accomplished by changing a single plug on the warhead from the "Safe Plug" to "Surface to Air" or "Surface to Surface". The Nike Hercules was deployed starting in June First deployed to ChicagoHercules ground systems were manufactured.
InSAC and the U. Army began a joint training mission with benefits for both parties. SAC had many Radar Bomb Scoring RBS sites across the country which had very similar acquisition and tracking radar, plus similar computerized plotting boards which were used to record the bomber tracks and bomb release points.
The distances from the simulated bomb landing point and the "target" were recorded on paper, measured, encoded, and transmitted to the aircrews.
The results of these bomb runs were used to promote or demote air crews. ECM activity also took place between the bombers and the Nike sites.
The performance of the NIKE crews improved remarkably with this "live target" practice. Many Nike Hercules batteries were manned by Army National Guard troops, with a single active Army officer assigned to each battalion to account for the unit's nuclear warheads.
The National Guard air defense units shared responsibility for defense of their assigned area with active Army units in the area, and reported to the active Army chain of command. This is the only known instance of Army National Guard units being equipped with operational nuclear weapons.
Shaped like a pyramid, the ZAR featured a Luneburg lens receiver aerial weighing about 1, tons. Despite its technological advancements, the Department of Defense terminated Zeus development in Nike-X featured phase-array radars, computer advances, and a missile tolerant of skin temperatures three times those of the Zeus.
It became operational inbut was shut down after just three months. The name referred to its experimental basis, it was intended to be replaced by a more appropriate name when the system was put into production.
This never came to pass; the original Nike-X concept was replaced by a much more limited defense system known as the Sentinel program that used some of the same equipment. Nike-X was a response to the failure of the earlier Nike Zeus system. Zeus had been designed to face a few dozen Soviet ICBMs in the s, and its design would mean it was largely useless by mids when it would be facing hundreds.
Worse, the attacker could use radar reflectors or high-altitude nuclear explosions to obscure the warheads until they were too close to attack, making a single warhead attack highly likely to succeed. Nike-X addressed these concerns by basing its defense on a very fast, short-range missile known as Sprint.
Large numbers would be clustered near potential targets, allowing successful interception right up to the few last seconds of the warhead's re-entry.
They would operate below the altitude where decoys or explosions had any effect.Experience sports, training, shopping and everything else that's new at Nike from any country in the world.
Nike History. Nike was founded in by University of Oregon track athlete Philip Knight and his coach, Bill Bowerman.
The company was originally called Blue Ribbon Sports and . Nike, Inc. (/ ˈ n aɪ k i /) is an American multinational corporation that is engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, apparel, equipment, accessories, and services.
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Welcome to the Nike Missile Site, a Cold War museum in the heart of initiativeblog.com the tense years of the Cold War, from to , the United States Army built and operated close to Nike missile sites in the United States.
One benefit of the Nike KD 11 releasing Stateside a month after the global release is that the team over at FastPass was able to deconstruct the highly-anticipated sneaker before it drops.. Ain’t nothing like the real thing, baby. While Nike did provide a sketch to showcase the tech inside the KD 11, we love the team at FastPass for giving us a look inside the actual shoe, with detail.