Steven Graham, Karen R.
Reading and Writing in English Classes One of the many features of middle and high schools, and one that has significant instructional implications, is the fact that teachers and their adolescent students do not spend the entire day together.
In elementary school classrooms, teachers integrate their reading and writing instruction while teaching content.
Although specific periods of the day are set aside for reading and language arts in elementary school, the focus and strategies used throughout the day and curriculum and can be more cohesive. Does this mean that we would like to see middle and high school students with one teacher for the entire day?
We know that middle and high school students need access to teachers who are passionate and knowledgeable about their respective subject areas.
We also know that the texts students read across disciplines are more complex, and students often require instruction to access these texts.
We do, however, believe that we can learn from the elementary school's ability to create an integrated experience for students. In Chapter 2 we explore the role that teachers of the content areas including science, music, math, art, social studies, and physical education play in adolescent literacy.
More specifically, we explore various instructional strategies that teachers and students can use to comprehend content. In addition, we explore the various types of texts that students can and should be reading, and the ways in which teachers can organize their instruction.
However, in this chapter we focus on English teachers.
We know that English teachers can improve literacy achievement and that they can do so while addressing their specific content standards. We also know that they cannot create literate students alone and that they must collaborate with their content area colleagues to be successful.
The essential question that guides our thinking about English teachers is this: Are students' reading and writing development and relevant life experiences used to explore literary concepts? As you read in the Overture, we have identified five major areas that support this essential question.
In the sections that follow in this chapter we explore each of these in turn as we consider the role that English teachers can play in improving adolescent literacy and learning. Following this chapter we explore the ways in which content teachers can improve adolescent literacy and learning.
We do not believe that English teachers can serve only as literature teachers. As Slater notes, The study of literature permeates the English classroom to such an extent that one begins to believe that the purpose and function of English instruction in America is to train the next generation of literary scholars rather than to provide an increasingly diverse student population with a knowledge base and strategies necessary to help all students achieve the compelling goal of high literacy.
This one-size-fits-all approach to the curriculum does not respond to the unique needs, strengths, or interests of adolescents. Frankly, it does not work in reaching the goal of improving literacy achievement and creating lifelong learners and readers.
English Language Arts Class 1.In Chapter 2 we explore the role that teachers of the content areas (including science, music, math, art, social studies, and physical education) play in adolescent literacy.
RESPONDING TO WRITING. For non-writing faculty, however, responding to student writing can be a daunting prospect. How can response be handled effectively without taking over time that also needs to be spent on preparation?
encourage the use of spell-check and grammar check ; have students create a "never again" notebook .
WRITING ASSIGNMENTS. In a First-Year Seminar or a writing-intensive course, it is best to have several writing assignments and a variety of types of writing, usually integrated with course readings, rather than one long assignment at the end of the course.
Abstract. Many students with LD experience difficulties mastering the process of writing. We examine how schools can help these children become skilled writers.
ASA College Catalog Download.
|Prentice Hall Bridge page||This web page explains the different parts to a thesis statement and helps you create your own. You can click on the example button in each section to see an example of a thesis statement.|
|Quicklinks to Table of Contents||And doing it well means a few things: You can break it down in a variety of ways:|
|Nexcheck - Payment Services||Continual practice in writing is what helps students most in becoming more effective writers, especially when they realize that writing is required to be successful in courses other than their writing courses.|
|Teaching Evidence and Claims||Writing in Mathematics Featured Topic: Writing in Math Class Teachers incorporate writing in math class to help students reflect on their learning, deepen their understanding of important concepts by explaining and providing examples of those concepts, and make important connections to real-life applications of the math they are learning.|
Current Catalog Volume 31 of the ASA College Catalog is effective as of Fall Semester Allow other students to provide a critique if it is warranted, and continue to ask probing/guiding questions.
For example, ask the rest of the class to respond to an idea that one student has just presented, or ask the student who answered to explain the thinking that led to their answer.