Ethical Key Issues - Euthanasia A Duty to Die With rising healthcare costs, and an aging population, if euthanasia or assisted suicide is legalised, disability activists fear that voluntary euthanasia will soon give way to involuntary or coerced euthanasia.
Philosophical approaches to the dilemma of death with dignity Elizabeth Telfer Dr Elizabeth Telfer is a senior lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, where she lectures on contemporary moral issues, including euthanasia.
She is co- author of "Respect for Persons" and has recently written "Food for Thought". Her approach to death with dignity demonstrates how this issue can be approached philosophically by means of several different schools of thought.
Introduction This paper tries to set the issue of voluntary euthanasia in a philosophical framework by showing how some of the main philosophical theories about morality would deal with the topic. Philosophers have not discussed euthanasia as such until recently, although it is now a popular topic.
What has always been discussed, however, is suicide, which raises much the same moral problems as voluntary euthanasia. The moral similarity between voluntary euthanasia and suicide enables us to make a reasonable guess about what some of the great philosophers would say about voluntary euthanasia.
In this country patients have a legal right to refuse treatment even if death will be the result, though doctors may make it difficult for them to exercise this right. But it is illegal for a doctor actively to bring about the death of his patient at the patient's request, in the way that is now decriminalised in the Netherlands.
In this paper I shall concentrate on the controversial issues: My title mentions "death with dignity". But dignity is a very complex concept. I shall not attempt to give a definition of dignity here. Instead I shall list aspects of dignity which seem to be important when death with dignity is discussed, recognising that some of these aspects will be more important to some people, others to others.
A death with dignity is a death which enables the dying person to retain the elements of dignity which he or she values. We can divide such theories into two groups: Theories of the first kind are called Consequentialist theories; theories of the second kind are called Deontological theories, from the Greek words 'deonto' meaning 'to do with obligation' and 'logos' meaning roughly 'body of knowledge'.
Consequentialist theories can be further subdivided: I shall return to Egoism at the end of my paper.
I shall begin with Universalistic Consequentialism, because this view which still has many philosophical adherents may strike one at first as the obvious common-sense, rational, secular approach to moral questions. The first question that arises about Universal Consequentialism is: One popular answer is the one given by John Stuart Mill in his famous essay, Utilitarianism good consequences are simply happiness, and happiness is pleasure and freedom from pain - not only physical pain but also distress of other kinds.
According to this view, then, the right action is that which produces the most pleasure and least pain for all those affected.Act and Rule Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories.
Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their initiativeblog.com specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce.
A. AGS Ethics Committee, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, May , 43(5) Free euthanasia papers, essays, and research papers.
Euthanasi A Non Voluntary Euthanasia - Euthanasia is the fact of ending somebody’s life when assisting him to die peacefully without pain. The topic of euthanasia is one that is shrouded with much ethical debate and ambiguity.
Various types of euthanasia are recognised, with active voluntary euthanasia, assisted suicide and physicianassisted suicide eliciting the most controversy. . Casuistry (/ ˈ k æ zj u ɪ s t r i /) is a process of reasoning that seeks to resolve moral problems by extracting or extending theoretical rules from a particular case, and reapplying those rules to new initiativeblog.com method occurs in applied ethics and initiativeblog.com term is also commonly used as a pejorative to criticize the use of clever but unsound reasoning, especially in relation.
A Matter of Justice. A Truly Catholic Look at Capital Punishment By Mario Derksen. I. Perennial Church Teaching on the Death Penalty. The Catholic acceptance of the death penalty as a legitimate means of punishment for very severe crimes is perennial.